behaviour revolves around peers and significant other people and is
about popularity, acceptance, recognition, validation and affirmation.
The behaviour crosses species, as is the case with the wolf enclosure at
a large zoo or with a large wolf pack at a nature reserve. The alpha
female will often bully subordinate females into submission as a means
to maintain her special status with the alpha male. At times, overly
bullied junior females will actually leave the pack. A similar scenario
plays out in the state schools involving both same gender and cross
A father from Hawkesbury, Ontario, recently went public to express his concern
over the safety of his 9-year-old daughter, who had repeatedly been
beaten by a 9-year-old boy who attended the same class and rode on the
same school bus. School authorities were aware of the problem and the
boy had repeatedly been suspended from school, but had resumed
his bullying behaviour upon his return to school. This scenario has been
repeated in many other school districts.
There is much to suggest that childhood bullying is more common today
than 50 and 60 years ago, when most of the students in a school lived in
two-parent families and even extended families with three generations living
in a single residence. During that period and earlier times, religious
authorities expounded on the essential need for two-parent families with a
father and mother raising the children. At the present day, alarge
proportion of students in most classrooms live in a single parent family,
usually with the mother.
There is only one agency that could ever have brought about the
transformation that resulted such numbers of school-aged children
living in single parent, mostly mother-only families. Government
assistance provides for part or all of the income of such families.
While government planners may never have purposefully planned to replace
the traditional self-supportive two-parent family with state-assisted
one-parent households, such has been the result of state social
Authors such as Dr Sam Osherson (Finding Our Fathers) and Dr
Barry Gordon (Your Father – Your Self ) suggest that the
relationship between a man and his children has a major influence on
their lives. They and many others who have researched the field, suggest
that boys and even girls crave some form of status, affirmation,
approval, acceptance and validation from their fathers or from
significant older male figure in their lives. Outside of school, most
male gang leaders are keenly aware that boys who live in mother-only
homes have that need, then aim their gang recruiting campaigns at them
as prospective future gang members.